Public holidays in the United Kingdom commonly referred to a

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42.Public holidays in the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as bank holidays, are days where most businesses and non – essential services are closed although an increasing number of retail businesses (especially the larger ones) do open on some of the public holidays. There are restrictions on trading on Sundays and Christmas Day. Four public holidays are common to all countries of the United Kingdom. These are: New Year’s Day, the first Monday in May, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day. Some banks open on some bank holidays. In Scotland, while New Year’s Day and Christmas Day are national holidays, other bank holidays are not necessarily public holidays, since the Scots instead observe traditional local customs and practice for their public holidays. In Northern Ireland, once again, bank holidays other than New Year’s Day and Christmas Day are not necessarily public holidays. Good Friday and Christmas Day are common law holidays, except in Scotland, where they are bank holidays. In Scotland the holiday on 1 January (or 2 January if 1 January is Sunday) is statutory, and 25 December is also a statutory holiday (or 26 December if Christmas Day falls on a Sunday). Boxing Day is a holiday traditionally celebrated the day following Christmas Day, when servants and tradesmen would receive gifts, known as a “Christmas box”, from their bosses or employers. Today, Boxing Day is the bank holiday that generally takes place on 26 December. And 28 December only is given if Boxing Day is Saturday.Like Denmark, the United Kingdom has no national day holiday marked or celebrated for its formal founding date. Increasingly, there are calls for public holidays on the patron saints’ days in England, Scotland and Wales. An online petition sent to the Prime Minister received 11,000 signatures for a public holiday in Wales on St. David’s Day; the Scottish Parliament has passed a bill creating a public holiday on St. Andrew’s Day although it must be taken in place of another public holiday; campaigners in England are calling for a bank holiday on St. George’s Day; and in Cornwall, there are calls for a public holiday on St. Piran’s Day.

Câu 1: What is the passage mainly about?

A. Boxing Holiday in the U.K.

B. Public holidays in the U.K.

C. Weekend holiday

D. Similar holidays in Europe

Câu 2: Bank holidays besides New Year’s Day and Christmas Day are not public holidays in Scotland because _______.

A. the Scots observe traditional local customs

B. Scotland does not belong to the U.K.

C. they are common law holidays

D. the Scots celebrate Good Friday

Câu 3: The word “their” in paragraph 1 refers to ______.

A. traditions’

B. the Scots’

C. holidays’

D. the UK’s

Câu 4: What does the word “statutory” in paragraph 1 mean?

A. unnecessary

B. frequent

C. inflexible

D. compulsory

Câu 5: Which of the following statements is wrong about the U.K.?

A. All businesses close on public holidays.

B. There are 4 common public holidays.

C. Xmas Day is a bank holiday in Scotland.

D. 26th December is Boxing Day.

Câu 6: The word “calls” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

A. requests

B. yells

C. protests

D. approvals

Câu 7: Which place has made a patron saint’s day a holiday?

A. Wales

B. England

C. Cornwall

D. Scotland

Câu 8: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. If a holiday falls at the weekend, a substitute day is given in place.

B. The British people will get 28 December off if Xmas Day is Sunday.

C. The U.K. was founded on the same day with Denmark.

D. Online petitions for more holidays are more effective than traditional campaigns.

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