Bài viết 100 Bài tập Quá khứ đơn có đáp án chi tiết giúp bạn có thêm nguồn bài tập tự luyện để nắm vững cách sử dụng thì Quá khứ đơn từ đó giúp bạn học tốt Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh hơn.

100 Bài tập Quá khứ đơn có đáp án | Bài tập Past Simple

Bài tập Quá khứ đơn (phần 1)

Bài 1: Read what Laure says about a typical working day

Laure: I usually get up at 7 o’clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about an hour. I start work at 8:45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o’clock. I’m always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don’t usually go out, I go to bed at about 11 o’clock and I always sleep well.

Yesterday was a typical working day for Laura. Write what she did or didn’t do yesterday.

1. She got up at 7 o’clock

2. She ….. a big breakfast

3. She …..

4. It ….. to get to work.

5. ….. at 8:45.

6. ….. lunch

7. ….. at 5 o’ clock

8. ….. tired when ….. home.

9. ….. a meal yesterday evening

10. ….. out yesrerday evening.

11. ….. at 11 o’ clock

12. ….. well last night.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. had

3. she walked to work

4. It tooks her half an hour

5. She starts work

6. she didn’t have any lunch

7. she finished work

8. she was tired when she got home

9. she cooked

10. she didn’t go

11. she went to bed

12. she slept

Bài 2: Complete the sentences using the following verbs in the correct form:

buy catch cost fall hurt sell spend teach throw write

1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

2. ‘How did you learn to drive?’ My father ….. me.

3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we ….. it.

4. Dave ….. down the stairs this morning and ….. his leg.

5. Jim ….. the ball Sue, who ….. it

6. Ann ….. a lot of money yesterday. She ….. a dress which ….. £100.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. taught

3. sold

4. fell … hurt

5. threw … caught

6. spent … bought … cost

Bài 3: You ask James about his holiday. Write your questions.

Hi. How are things?

Fine,thanks. I’ve just had a great holiday.

1. Where did you go?

To the U.S. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver.

2. How ….. ?By car ?

Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.

3. It’a long way to drive. How long ….. ?

Two weeks.

4. Where ….. ? In hotel?

Yes,small hotels or motels.

5. ….. ?

Yes,but it was very hot – sometimes too hot.

6. ….. the Grand Canyon?

Of course. It was wonderful.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. did you travel

3. did it take

4. did you stay

5. Was the weather good

6. Did you see

Bài 4: Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative.

1. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take).

2. The film wasn’t very goor. I didn’t enjoy it very much. (enjoy)

3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ….. her (disturb)

4. I was very tired, so I ….. the party early. (leave)

5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ….. very well (sleep)

6. The window was open and a bird ….. into the room (fly)

7. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It ….. very much (cost)

8. I was in a hurry, so I ….. time to phone you (have).

9. It was hard carrying the bags. They ….. very heavy. (be)

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. didn’t disturb

4. left

5. didn’t sleep

6. flew

7. didn’t cost

8. didn’t have

9. were

Bài tập Quá khứ đơn (phần 2)

Exercise 1. Chia động từ trong ngoặc để hoàn thành những câu sau

0. I (eat) ate dinner at six o’clock yesterday.

1. A: ___________ Helen (drive)___________ to work? – B: Yes, she ___________.

2. My neighbor (buy)___________ a new car last week.

3. They (go)___________ to Italy on their last summer holiday.

4. A: ___________ they (swim)___________ at the beach? – B: No, they __________.

5. My family and I (see)___________ a comedy movie last night.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

1. Did / drive / did

2. bought

3. went

4. Did / swim / didn’t

5. saw

Exercise 2. Chuyển những câu dưới đây từ hiện tại đơn sang quá khứ đơn

0. Does she buy the newspaper in the shop over there?

Did she buy the newspaper in the shop over there?

1. He goes to the swimming pool because he likes swimming.

2. They have dinner at nine o´clock.

3. Helen eats too many sweets.

4. I buy the newspaper in the shop.

5. We get up at eight o´clock and go to school.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

1. He went to the swimming pool because he liked swimming.

2. They had dinner at nine o´clock.

3. Helen ate too many sweets.

4. I bought the newspaper in the shop.

5. We got up at eight o´clock and went to school.

Exercise 3. Use the correct tense of the verbs in brackets to complete the following passages.

0. Albert Maltz was a progressive American writer. He was (be) born in 1908. He wrote (write) his first play “Peace on Earth” in 1943. It was (be) against wars, so the American police arrested (arrest) him and put (put) him in prison in 1950.

1. Ha … (come) back a moment ago and … (turn) the television on very loudly. My son … (sleep) then , so I …… (tell) her to turn it off.

2. Last Friday was a holiday. I … (not have) to go to classes. I ….. (sleep) a little later than usual. Around ten, my friend Larry …… (come) over to my apartment. We … (pack) a picnic basket and then … (take) the bus to Forest Park. We ….. (spend) most of the day there.

3. Mary and John are neighbors. They have known each other for several years. Mary … (move) into her house in 1985, and John has lived next door since he …… (come) to the area in 1980.

4. Dennis Heal is a politician. He … (go) to Oxford University in 1950 and … (become) a member of Parliament for the Labor Party in 1957. He has been an MP since then. He … (write) three story books including his autobiography. He is married to the artist, Adna Heal , they …… (have) two children. They … (live) in Oxford for 15 years, then …… (move) to London in 1970. They now … (live) in Cadogan Square in central London.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

1. came – turned – slept – told

2. didn’t have – slept – came – packed – took – spent

3. moved – came

4. went – became – wrote – had – lived – moved – live

Exercise 4. Lựa chọn và điền dạng đúng của từ

teach cook want spend ring be sleep study go write

0. The telephone rang several times and then stopped before I could answer it.

1. She…..out with her boyfriend last night.

2. Laura…..a meal yesterday afternoon.

3. Mozart…..more than 600 pieces of music.

4. I…..tired when I came home.

5. The bed was very comfortable so they…..very well.

6. Jamie passed the exam because he…..very hard.

7. My father…..the teenagers to drive when he was alive.

8. Dave…..to make a fire but there was no wood.

9. The little boy…..hours in his room making his toys.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

1. went

2. cooked

3. wrote

4. was tired

5. slept

6. studied

7. taught

8. wante

9. spent

Exercise 5. Hoàn thành câu sau đúng dạng thì quá khứ đơn

0. and Mrs. James/ come back home/ and/ have/ lunch/ late/ last night?

Did Mr. and Mrs. James come back home and have lunch late last night?

1. It/ be/ cloudy/ yesterday.

2. In 1990/ we/ move/ to another city.

3. When/ you/ get/ the first gift?

4. She/ not/ go/ to the church/ five days ago.

5. How/ be/ he/ yesterday?

1. It was cloudy yesterday.

2. In 1990, we moved to another city./ We moved to another city in 1990.

3. When did you get the first gift?

4. She did not go to the church five days ago./ She didn’t go to the church five days ago.

5. How was he yesterday?

Ngữ pháp Quá khứ đơn

1. Cách dùng

– Diễn đạt một hành động xảy ra một, một vài lần hoặc chưa bao giờ xảy ra trong quá khứ

– Diễn đạt các hành động xảy ra liên tiếp trong quá khứ

– Diễn đạt một hành động xen vào một hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ

– Dùng trong câu điều kiện loại II

2. Cấu trúc

Thể Động từ tobe Động từ thường Khẳng định (+)

S + was/ were + ……

Trong đó:

– S = I/ He/ She/ It + was

– S= We/ You/ They + were

Ví dụ:

I was at my friend’s house yesterday morning.

(Tôi đã ở nhà bạn tôi sáng hôm qua.)

S + V-ed

Ví dụ:

We studied English last night.

(Tối qua chúng tôi đã học tiếng Anh.)

Phủ định (-)

S + was/were not + ……

Trong đó:

– was not = wasn’t

– were not = weren’t

Ví dụ:

We weren’t at home yesterday.

(Hôm qua chúng tôi không ở nhà.)

S + did not + V (nguyên thể)

Trong thì quá khứ đơn câu phủ định ta mượn trợ động từ “did + not” (viết tắt là “didn’t), động từ theo sau ở dạng nguyên thể.)

Ví dụ:

He didn’t come to school last week.

(Tuần trước cậu ta không đến trường.)

Nghi vấn (?)

Was/Were+ S + V(nguyên thể)?

Ví dụ:

– Was she tired of yesterday? (Cô ấy có bị mệt ngày hôm qua không?)

– Yes, she was. (Có, cô ấy có.)

Did + S + V(nguyên thể)?

Ví dụ:

– Did you visit Ho Chi Minh Museum with your class last weekend? (Bạn có đi thăm bảo tàng Hồ Chí Minh với lớp của bạn cuối tuần trước hay không?)

Yes, I did. (Có, mình có)

3. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

Trong câu có các trạng từ chỉ thời gian trong quá khứ:

– yesterday (hôm qua)

– last night/ last week/ last month/ last year: tối qua/ tuần trước/ tháng trước/ năm ngoái

– ago: Cách đây. (two hours ago: cách đây 2 giờ/ two weeks ago: cách đây 2 ngày …)

– when: khi (trong câu kể)

Xem thêm bài tập ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh có đáp án chi tiết hay khác:

  • Bài tập Thì Quá khứ tiếp diễn
  • Bài tập Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành
  • Bài tập Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn
  • Bài tập Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn vs Hiện tại hoàn thành
  • Bài tập For và Since
  • Bài tập Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành vs Quá khứ đơn
  • Bài tập Thì Quá khứ hoàn thành